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WIND POWER IN EUROPE
 

 
As of 2016, Europe’s total installed capacity of wind energy was153.7GW, overtaking coal as the second largest form of power generation capacity in Europe. Europe installed 12.5GW of gross additional wind capacity in 2016, 3% less than the new installations in 2015. Of that 12.490MW, 10,923 MW were installed onshore, and 1,567 MW were installed offshore. link   (Europe's off-shore wind total is now 12.63GW.) 
Of the top eight countries supplied by wind energy as of 2016, four are in Europe. Germany’s total is 44,947MW (10.4% of world total), followed by Spain with 23,02MW (5.3%), United Kingdom with 13,603 MW (3.1%) and France with 10,358MW (2.4%) link (The leading two nations are China and the USA.)  link
     

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          Below:
  • Overview
  • Off-shore wind power
  • Move towards the European super grid
WindEurope.org

 Overview

The European Wind Energy Agency (EWEA) set a new 230GW target for 2020, an example of the industry’s confidence and the growing recognition of what wind power can offer European citizens.
Britain has an ambitious goal of 33GW of wind power by 2020. (The 2010 target set by the European Commission was 40GW.)    More on U.K. wind

March 2013: EU wind power exceeds the 100GW threshold. 2012 proved to be a milestone for EU wind power, as installed wind power generation capacity increased by 12.3% to exceed the 100 GW threshold. At the end of year, EU wind power capacity accounted 105.6GW due to a new capacity of 11,840MW which came online in 2012. link

February 2011: 11% increase in EU wind capacity in 2011. The EU added 9,616MW of wind energy capacity during 2011, making up more than a fifth of total new power installations.  link

June 2010: EU plans for 50% electricity from wind energy by 2050. The European Union has launched a 6 billion euro ($7.2 billion) research and development program that will help pave the way for the region to source half of its electricity supply from wind energy by 2050. The plan aims to bring energy to power 20% of the bloc’s electricity by 2020, 33% by 2030 and 50% by 2050. link  

Off-shore wind power

February 2018: Record EU off-shore wind in 2017. In 2017, European offshore wind added 3.1GW of capacity, double the capacity installed in 2016 brining total to 15.8GW. Offshore wind turbines are getting bigger: the average size in 2017 was 5.9 MW, 23% up on 2016. link

June 2017: Europe about to go into overdrive with offshore wind power. The governments of Germany, Denmark and Belgium backed a pledge to install 60GW of new offshore wind power next decade, more than fivefold existing capacity. The statement build son an agreement by 10 northern European countries last year to work together to cut the cost of installing wind turbines at sea; prices for offshore wind in Europe fell by 22% in 2016 alone. (There were about 13.8GW of offshore wind globally in 2016.)  link

January 2014: Off-shore wind in Europe. The total offshore wind capacity in Europe is now 6,562MW. The European Offshore Wind Industry estimates that by 2020 Europe’s offshore grid should have a capacity of 40GW and by 2030 it should have 150GW, enough to provide 14% of the EU’s electricity demand. Britain has the most installed capacity with 3.68GW  whilDenmark is a distant second with 1.27 gigawatts.link  (Pictured: turbines along the Kent coast opened in 2010.100 turbines expected to supply 200,000 homes.)

February 2011: 11% increase in EU wind capacity in 2011. The EU added 9,616MW of wind energy capacity during 2011, making up more than a fifth of total new power installations.  link 

 Move towards the European super grid.

April 2014: The creation of a single European electricity market has been moving in a positive direction. With the EU Electricity Liberalization Directive agreed by all Member States forming the framework of EU energy policy, the overarching goal is for consumers to benefit from an internal market governed by coordinated rules for the implementation of renewables and development of the electricity network. Naturally, there is still a long way to go in terms of establishing a single market, particularly in terms of the connection and integration of national electricity markets, the physical interconnections between Member States, and the promotion and facilitation of cross-border market-balancing.  link

January 2010: Sun, wind and wave-powered: Europe unites to build renewable energy 'supergrid'. By autumn, nine EU governments (Germany, France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Denmark, Sweden and Ireland and the UK) hope to have a plan to begin building a high-voltage direct current network, a super-grid of renewable energy sources, within the next decade. It will be an important step in achieving the pledge that, by 2020, 20% of its energy will come from renewable sources. link   

December 2010: A North Sea off-shore electric grid serving Europe agreed. The grid will link the ten member countries across Europe making it easier for member states to trade energy. The off-shore wind farms in the North Sea are expected to exploit 140GW of energy. link 

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