Facts
  CARBON DIOXIDE 
  METHANE
  NATURAL GAS
  WATER VAPOR 
  COAL
  NUCLEAR
  OFF-SHORE DRILLING
  ETHANOL
   ECOSYSTEMS
   LOCAL - NORTH CAROLINA

COLLEGES & STUDENTS

  Solutions
   WIND POWER
  SOLAR POWER
  WAVE POWER
  GEOTHERMAL
  CONSERVATION
  ELECTRIC VEHICLES
  WHAT CAN YOU DO?

  International
 AUSTRALIA
 BRITAIN
 CANADA
 DENMARK
  SPAIN
 CHINA

CONTACT US

SPAIN

SEVERE WATER SHORTAGE . . . BUT ABUNDANT SOLAR POWER
            

Latest news:

Jan. 6 2014: Wind power tops source of electricity in 2013. Remarkable new figures in Spain revealed that greenhouse gas emissions are likely to have fallen 23.1% in 2013 as power generation from wind farms and hydroelectric plants soared. For the first time ever, wind power contributed most to the annual electricity demand coverage. According to the figures, wind turbines met 21.1% of electricity demand on the Spanish peninsular, narrowly beating the region's fleet of nuclear reactors, which provided 21% of power. An increase in wind power capacity of 173MW coupled with an increase in solar PV capacity of 140MW and solar thermal capacity of 300MW meant that by the end of the year renewables represented 49.1% of total installed power capacity on the Spanish peninsula. link

___________________________________________________________

2010 report: Spain has bolstered its credentials as a world leader in renewable energy by exporting electricity to France for the first time. Heavy rain and strong winds during 2010 meant that renewables - principally hydro, wind and solar power - met 35% of Spanish demand. In 2010, wind power rose by 18.5%  and now meets 16% of Spain's energy.  At its peak, on November 9, wind power met 43% of demand. Heavy rains saw hydro-electrical production rise by 59% on 2009. Solar power, meanwhile, lags behind at only 3%, although some of the big solar plants have yet to come on stream. Oil and gas continue to generate about half of Spain's capacity, while nuclear power accounts for around 19%. link

Overview of Spain's role in development of solar power.
Spain has an average 340 days of sunshine annually and its long-term goal had been to produce 400 megawatts of electricity from solar panels by 2010, and it reached that milestone by the end of 2007. In 2008 the nation connected 2.5 gigawatts of solar power onto its grid, more than quintupling its previous capacity and making it second only to Germany, the world leader. Half the solar power installed globally in 2008 was installed in Spain. In its haste to create a solar industry, Spain made some miscalculations: solar plants could be set up so quickly and easily that the rush into the industry was much faster than anticipated. Many of the hastily opened plants offered no hope of being cost-competitive with conventional power, being poorly designed or located where sunshine was inadequate, for example. The most robust Spanish solar companies survived the downturn, have restructured and are re-emerging as global players. For example, when the government changed course, Siliken Renewable Energy, originally a producer of solar panels, shut its factories for five months and cut its staff to 600 from 1,200. But after shifting its focus to external markets like Italy, France and the United States, and diversifying into solar support services, the company now turns a profit. “We were a company that banks trusted, so we could make the shift,” said Antonio Navarro, a company spokesman. “But a lot of little companies disappeared." link  (More on solar energy at bottom.

   
             _____________________________________

SOLAR ENERGY

May 2011: World’s first utility-scale CSP  plant that using flat heliostats. Torresol Energy began operating the world’s first utility-scale concentrating solar power plant plant that uses flat heliostats and stores heat using molten salt, allowing it to sustain power through the night for around 25,000 homes in Seville, Spain. The 19.9-megawatt plant uses 2,650 flat mirrors called heliostats arranged over 185 hectares of land to heat molten salt. The heliostats focus sunlight on a tower where liquid is heated up to 900 degrees centigrade. It is then stored for later use at above 500 degrees centigrade in tanks beneath the tower. In total, the power plant avoids more than 30,000 tons of carbon dioxide. link

March 2011: Spain runs into solar problems.  Spain had one of the world's most ambitious, and generous, plans to boost the amount of electricity it generates from the sun. That dream, for the solar industry at least, has turned sour. Generous subsidies have left Spain with 10 times the amount of solar pv capacity the government had planned for by 2010 - and a much bigger bill than it had envisioned. One point on which both the renewable lobby and the power industry agree: by taking the unprecedented step of retrospectively cutting subsidies promised to projects which have already been built, the government risks scaring off investors of all kinds.
link

Solar panels mandatory in new buildings. Spain wants to take advantage of its sunshine by making solar panels compulsory in new and renovated buildings - to save fuel costs and to improve the environment. The Industry Minister announced that starting in 2005 anyone who intends to build a home will be obliged to include solar panels in their plans, with the aim of turning Spain from a straggler to a European leader in the use of renewable energy. In 2006, Solar panels are now compulsory on all new and renovated buildings in Spain as part of the country’s efforts to bring its building rules up to date and curb growing demand for energy. link    

July  2010: Spain opens the world's largest solar power station overtaking the US as the biggest solar generator in the world. The nation's total solar power production is now equivalent to the output of a nuclear power station. The new La Florida solar plant takes Spain's solar output to 432MW, which compares with the US output of 422MW. (These totals exclude PV solar panels).  link

November 2009: Spain's renewable energy use reaches 25%. During the first 9 months of 2009, hydroelectric power made up 9% of all power usage, wind another 9% and solar 3%. Spain has supported the growth of its renewables sector with grants and subsidies, providing the solar sector with $1.6bn funding in 2008, resulting in a reported capacity increase of 3,342MW from 695MW in 2007. link

The Spanish government is committed to achieving a target of 12% of primary energy from renewable sources by 2010 with an installed solar generating capacity of 3,000 MW. Sept. 26 2008Industry Minister Miguel Sebastian said in testimony to the Spanish Senate that the government expected the capacity of solar panels to expand to 10,000 MW by 2020. link  In March 2007, Europe's first commercial concentrating solar power tower plant was opened near the southern city of Seville producing 11 MW.  Abengoa Solar began commercial operation at its new PS20 (20 MW) solar power tower located near Seville April 2009.  link  A plant near Granada, known as Andasol 1, began operating November 2008 and now provides 50 megawatts of power, enough electricity to supply 50,000 to 60,000 homes year-round. Solar power plants Andasol 2 and 3 are under construction, with Andasol 2 in the start-up phase and Andasol 3 expected to be connected to the grid in 2011. The entire gross output of the plants will total 540GWh per year. link

     ____________________________________________________________________

SPAIN'S DROUGHT PROBLEMS 

Spain is experiencing its worst drought in 40 years.
The BBC reported in September 2008 that climate experts warn that the country is suffering badly from the impact of climate change and that the Sahara is slowly creeping north - into the Spanish mainland. link  From the Independent (UK): Spain’s climate, like that of the whole Mediterranean region, is inexorably warming up and drying out. The political battles now breaking out over water could be a foretaste of the water wars that scientists and policymakers have warned us will be commonplace in the coming decades. Barcelona's 5.5 million inhabitants need a lot of water: the 19 million litres of water brought by ship from Tarragona on 13 May (2008) were enough for barely 180,000 people and were consumed within minutes of being channelled through the city's taps. A later shipment from Marseilles was bigger, 36 million litres, but similarly short lived. A 200-mile pipeline to supply Barcelona with water from the Rhône in France is under development. According to the Spanish government one third of the country is in immediate danger of turning into desert. 

Barcelona Update: July 22 2009: A seawater reverse-osmosis desalination plant opened today will ease the threat of water restrictions in the Spanish city by producing 24% of the water consumed by the 4.5 million population.link  But desalination has numerous problems and can contribute to global warming - link

Perhaps the most striking image of Spain's drought,, has been that of the underwater church which emerged from a drying dam: receding waters have exposed the 11th century church at Vic, north of Barcelona completely, 
Apart from the far north, the entire country is suffering; especially the parched areas on the
Mediterranean coast. The government is building more desalination plants, adding to the more than 900 already in Spain. However, Spain’s opposition party, supported by some environmentalists, say that the ambitious desalination plant program, with its huge energy needs, will only exacerbate CO2 problems. More than 70% of Spain's water goes on agriculture, much of it wasted on antiquated irrigation systems and the cultivation of thirsty crops unsuitable for arid lands. But few politicians seek confrontation with farmers already struggling to scratch a living. link

White roofs effects proven in southern Spain: The greenhouse effect may be heating the planet but a new study says Europe's driest spot, Almeria, Spain, is actually cooling ... thanks to greenhouses. A group of researchers at the University of Almeria found that the southern Spanish province had so many commercial greenhouses, seen from space as a white swathe across the arid province, that they reflected solar energy back into space. link

        _____________________________________

Spain is known for its wine, a country with more land under vines than any other. But if temperatures in Spain keep rising - and they have gone up by 2C on average in the past 50 years - the wines could taste very different and some vintages will be ruined. more


Spain's glaciers - now under threat.  Spain has lost 90% of its glaciers because of global warming, threatening drought as rivers dry up. While glaciers covered 3,300 hectares of land on the mountain range that divides Spain and France at the turn of the last century, only 390 hectares remain, according to Spain's environment ministry.  link

   

[HOME]
Copyright © 2008 thinkglobalgreen.org   All Rights Reserved
website hosting powered by Charlotte Internet